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Headlines Plugin

Show headline news in TWiki pages based on RSS and ATOM news feeds from external sites


This plugin displays RSS and ATOM feeds from news sites. Use it to build news portals that show headline news.


  • RSS (Rich Site Summary) is an XML standard used to publish frequently updated works such as blog entries, news headlines and audio.
  • Atom is an XML syndication format used for web feeds.
  • Syndic8.com at http://www.syndic8.com/ lists many RSS and ATOM feeds.

Syntax Rules


Parameter Explanation Default
"..." Source of RSS or ATOM feed; this can be an url (starting with http) or a web.topic location for internal feeds None; is required
href="..." (Alternative to above) N/A
refresh="60" Refresh rate in minutes for caching feed; "0" for no caching Global REFRESH setting
limit="12" Maximum number of items shown Global LIMIT setting
header="..." Header. May include these variables:
- $channeltitle, $title: title of channel (channel.title)
- $channellink, $link: link of channel (channel.link)
- $channeldescription, $description: description (channel.description)
- $channeldate, $date: publication date of the channel (channel.pubDate)
- $rights: copyrights of the channel (channel.copyright)
- $imagetitle: title text for site (image.title)
- $imagelink: link for site (image.link)
- $imageurl: URL of image (image.url)
- $imagedescription: description of image (image.description)
Global HEADER setting
format="..." Format of one item. May include these variables:
- $title: news item title (item.title)
- $link: news item link (item.link)
- $description: news item description (item.description)
- $date: the publication date (item.pubDate, item.date)
- $category: the article category (item.category)
Global FORMAT setting
touch="..." Touch (edit/save) topics if the feed has updates. Specify a comma-space delimited list of TopicNames or Web.TopicNames, such as "%TOPIC%, NewsLetter". Useful to send out newsletter using MailerContrib, showing new feeds since last newsletter. To update feeds, visit topics with feeds in regular intervals (using cron with wget or the like). N/A

The header and format parameters might also use variables rendering the dc, image and content namespace information. Note, that only bits of interest have been implemented so far and those namespaces might not be implemented fully yet.

Rendering the dc namespace

The following variables are extracting the dc namespace info, that could be used in header and format. Note that some of the variables are already used above. This is done by purpose to use different feeds with the same formatting parameters. If there's a conflict the non-dc tags have higher precedence, i.e. a <title> content </title> is preferred over <dc:title> content </dc:title>.

  • $title: channel/article title (dc:title)
  • $creator: channel creator (dc:creator)
  • $subject: subject text; this will also add an image according to the subject hash list, see above (dc:subject)
  • $description: ... (dc:description)
  • $publisher: the channel/article publisher (dc:publisher)
  • $contributor: ... (dc:contributor)
  • $date: ... (dc:date)
  • $type: ... (dc:type)
  • $format: ... (dc:format)
  • $identifier: ... (dc:identifier)
  • $source: ... (dc:source)
  • $language: ... (dc:language)
  • $relation: ... (dc:relation)
  • $coverage: ... (dc: coverage)
  • $rights: ... (dc: rights)

Rendering the image namespace

An image:item is converted into an <img> tag using the following mappings:

  • src: image url (rdf:about attribute of the image.item tag)
  • alt: image title (title)
  • width: image width (image:width)
  • height: image height image:height)

Rendering the content namespace

The variable $content is referring to the <content:encoding> content </content:encoding>.


Slashdot News


%HEADLINES{ "http://slashdot.org/slashdot.rdf" 
  header="*[[$link][$title]]:* $description" 
  format="$t* [[$link][$title]]"
to get the latest Slashdot news as a bullet list format:

Business Opportunities Weblog


%HEADLINES{ "http://www.business-opportunities.biz/feed" limit="2" }%

to get the latest postings on the "Business Opportunities" weblog:

Wed, 20 Nov 2019 16:33:23 +0000
The original blog about business opportunities and business ideas for small business entrepreneurs
Wed, 20 Nov 2019 16:33:20 +0000 Carrol Strain
Featured image from Kin Pastor on Pexels

In this article, we take a look at four useful ways of funding your startup. And you won't have to make any sacrifices with the methods we discuss below.

Getting Your Startup Off the Ground

Finding an interesting business idea is a daunting process. You might spend months or even years to find that one idea you really believe in. First, you identify the industry you'd like to work in. Then you conduct intensive market research to find out of your idea will attract customers. Finally, you talk with friends and colleagues who might be able to help you with pursuing your goals.

Probably, you encounter your own fears of failure and even of success. This is normal. You know you’re going to have to work hard. People often feel afraid at the idea of starting a business. Take heart from knowing that once you find the courage to dive in, your focus will shift from your fear to making your business a success.


However, there is another thing that can become a hurdle for you. That's the lack of money. Some people have enough money in their savings account to fulfill their start-up dream. On the other hand, many entrepreneurs don't have enough money to pursue their goals. Fortunately, there are several ways of funding your startup.

In this article, we take a look at four useful ways for funding your startup. And you won't have to make any sacrifices if you use the methods we discuss below.

Crowdfunding Your Startup

Creative entrepreneurs have looked to crowdfunding as a valuable option for funding startups years. These individuals don't waste their time trying to find angel investors who will invest hundreds of thousands of dollars into their ventures.

Instead, they raise money through smaller contributions from hundreds of people. Crowdfunding could be the ideal solution for you, too.

One of the main advantages of crowdfunding is that it can help you to market your product long before you officially launch it. For example, you can analyze the feedback you get from your crowdfunding investors. This can help you to determine if your idea will work in the marketplace or not. Indiegogo and Kickstarter are two popular crowdfunding websites where you can raise funds for your startup business.

But first, you need to understand the terms and conditions of these websites before sharing your idea. For example, Kickstarter only accepts ideas from individuals who are from certain countries. Unfortunately, residents of Singapore are excluded from using Kickstarter. On the other hand, Singapore residents can accept help from a business partner who lives in a country that Kickstarter does not exclude.


If that’s not an option, getting a grant can be a great way of funding your business in Singapore. The Singapore government makes efforts to encourage small businesses that are show promise of bringing change to their industries.

First-time entrepreneurs can apply for the Spring Singapore ACE grant. For every S$3 the entrepreneur raises, Spring Singapore will match S$7, up to S$50,000. In other words, if you were to raise S$21,429, you would receive the maximum grant of S$50,000.

Spring Singapore will give the grant over two to three tranches. Moreover, they won't take equity in your organization. However, an even more beneficial benefit of this method of funding your startup is that it helps you to find a suitable mentor for your startup in the first year.

Depending on your sector or industry, you can add on several other local grants that are especially designed for startups. For example, Spring Singapore offers clean and high-tech companies additional funding schemes. Alternatively, social enterprises can take advantage of the ComCare Enterprise Fund.

One or more of these grants can give your startup a great financial boost. Therefore, do some research to find detailed information about grants available in Singapore.

Incubators and Accelerators

You’ll be more likely to obtain seed funding if you can get your startup into a business incubator or accelerator. There is a difference between the two. For instance, they are both for organizations that are just starting out. However, an accelerator requires that you work with a mentor for a set period before you can graduate.

Unfortunately, there are only a few seed funding programs available nowadays. However, you can get targeted resources and support for your startup by joining an incubator or an accelerator.

This is because your chances of succeeding with your startup business are much better when you give yourself opportunities to work with successful entrepreneurs. Tech companies in particular can benefit from working with accelerators and incubators in Singapore.


If your friends and family members can’t help to fund your startup, you could turn to a bank or licensed money lenders to get a loan. With a loan you can retain full control over your company because you wont have to turn over any equity to investors.

To give one example, OCBC has designed a collateral-free loan program for startups. The loan, known as the OCBC Business First Loan, provides an entrepreneur with access to $100,000. To qualify, you need to have started your business within the last six months or so. However, you must have a guarantor. If you are a beginning entrepreneur with an untested business model, be very careful about taking this loan.

Similarly, think carefully before taking any loan if you don’t expect to begin bringing in revenue in the short or medium term.

Another useful option for funding your startup, however, is taking a personal loan. Some banks such as Standard Chartered CashOne offer a low minimum income requirement with attractive interest rates. Similarly, the ANZ MoneyLine Term Loan offers interest rates as low as 6.6% per year.


Entrepreneurs in Singapore can now fulfill their startup dreams with the help of these funding possibilities. To find out more, conduct some research and find the funding choice that works best for you. We recommend choosing an option that comes with lower risks so you will be better able to focus on growing your business.

The post Creative Ways to Fund Your Startup appeared first on Business Opportunities.

Sun, 17 Nov 2019 18:25:43 +0000 Carrol Strain
Featured image by Veerasak Piyawatanakul on Pexels

Employee happiness is one of the key elements behind the ultimate success of a business. But how can you make employees happy? For one thing, consider applying UX principles to improve your office design. The wise use of UX principles can enhance employees’ satisfaction and happiness at work.

What Are UX Principles?

UX is short for “user experience.” According to the Interaction Design Foundation, UX principles involve design elements that are easy to use and pleasurable. Designers in multiple fields rely on these principles. This is true whether they’re designing a website, a building, or a space within a building.

The ultimate aim of UX design is to appeal to users’ senses, whether offline-as in an office-or virtual, as with a website. So, for instance, a designer who is using UX principles in office design might incorporate functional and ergonomic furniture. Additionally, the designer could include spaciousness, pleasant lighting, colorful artwork, live plants, and perhaps even soft background music.


What Do UX Principles Have to Do with Office Design?

Digital or offline, the user’s experience is one of the main drivers of business development. It ranks high on the list of priorities for any company that wants to succeed in any market.

But what do UX principles have to do with office design?

Office design might be a complex process, but it's not a complicated one. In order to align with UX principles, your office design should take into account:

  • The WHO: Who is it for? Who are the beneficiaries?
  • The WHAT: What is it organizing? Is it spaces, people, resources?
  • The WHEN: When will a certain space, furnishing, or piece of equipment, be used?
  • The WHERE: Where should a designated space, furnishing, or piece of equipment, be located for maximum efficiency?
  • The WHY: Why should office design be made with UX principles in mind?

Incorporate UX Principles That Meet Users' Needs

If your office design process is in its incipient stage, prepare for some back-and-forth between and among you and your team.

For example, on more than on one occasion, designers who were trying to work according to UX principles have found themselves in the wrong. Chiefly, this was because they assumed what users wanted without ever asking. Then, when users complained, back to the drawing board they had to go.

Assuming what users want without asking them represents a major offense when it comes to applying UX principles to office design.

Design for Your Staff, Not for Yourself

There are several things you can do to meet your employees’ needs when preparing office spaces for them. First of all, remember to be flexible. Secondly, design for the users, not for yourself.

Finally, avoid making arbitrary decisions. Instead, start by asking employees their opinions. Then do some A/B testing, all the while keeping UX principles in mind.

For example, let’s say you’re working with furniture arrangement. Perhaps you place a certain sofa near the coffee bar. It seems like a perfectly good idea. It’s convenient, and it looks good, too. However, it turns out to be in everyone's way. So you try moving it elsewhere, because hopefully, it's not nailed down.

Continue the process throughout your office space, taking into account all of users’ senses, including ergonomics and kinesthesia.

Allow the Office Space to Continue to Evolve

You might need to hire an interior designer to come up with a fully functional and beautiful office design. However, once that’s behind you, how can you continue to maintain ease and functionality in everyone’s day-to-day activities?

Fortunately, at least when it comes to booking rooms, you can turn to room booking software from YArooms. This room management system takes care of office functionality with ease. This is because it was built with UX principles in mind.

Turn to YArooms When It Comes to Bookings

When it comes to booking rooms, YArooms makes sure its users' needs are covered. For example, you can access the platform from a browser interface, from Outlook, or even right at your doorstep.

Just go to the Meeting Room Door Panel. Its flexible settings enable users to create multiple scenarios. In short, users will find that the UX principles that YArooms incorporates saves them time and gives them almost limitless flexibility.

The post Applying UX Principles to Modern Office Design appeared first on Business Opportunities.

Plugin Settings

Plugin settings are stored as preferences settings. Do not change the settings here, they are here only for illustration purposes showing the default values. Define the settings in Main.TWikiPreferences. For example, to customize the HEADLINESPLUGIN_USERAGENTNAME setting, add a * Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_USERAGENTNAME = ... bullet in Main.TWikiPreferences.

  • Refresh rate in minutes for cached feeds. Set to 0 to disable caching:

  • Maximum number of items shown:

  • Use LWP::UserAgent if set to 1, or fallback to TWiki's internal getUrl() method if set to 0:

  • Timeout fetching a feed using the LWP::UserAgent:

  • Name of user agent:
    • Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_USERAGENTNAME = TWikiHeadlinesPlugin/2011-07-08

  • Default header: (variables are explained in the syntax rules)
      * Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_HEADER = <div class="headlinesChannel"><div class="headlinesLogo"><img src="$imageurl" alt="$imagetitle" border="0" />%BR%</div><div class="headlinesTitle">$n---+!! <a href="$link">$title</a></div><div class="headlinesDate">$date</div><div class="headlinesDescription">$description</div><div class="headlinesRight">$rights</div></div>

  • Default format of one item: (variables are explained in the syntax rules)
      * Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_FORMAT = <div class="headlinesArticle"><div class="headlinesTitle"><a href="$link">$title</a></div>$n<span class="headlinesDate">$date</span> <span class="headlinesCreator"> $creator</span> <span class="headlinesSubject"> $subject </span>$n<div class="headlinesText"> $description</div></div>

  • Values taken from configure: (only supported if CPAN:LWP is installed)
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{HOST} - proxy host, such as "proxy.example.com";
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{PORT} - proxy port, such as "8080";
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{SkipProxyForDomains} - domains excluded from proxy, such as "intra.example.com, bugs.example.com";

Style Sheets

The default HEADER and FORMAT settings use the following styles. See the style.css file defining the default CSS properties (indentation illustrates enclosure).

  • headlinesRss: output of the HeadlinesPlugin (div)
    • headlinesChannel: channel header (div)
      • headlinesLogo: channel logo (div)
      • headlinesTitle: channel title (div)
      • headlinesDate: channel date (div)
      • headlinesDescription: channel description (div)
      • headlinesRight: channel copyright (div)
    • headlinesArticle: one news item (div)
      • headlinesTitle: article title (div)
      • headlinesDate: article date (span)
      • headlinesCreator: author of article (span)
      • headlinesSubject: subect category of the article (span)
      • headlinesText: article text (div)

Plugin Installation Instructions

This is a pre-installed plugin. TWiki administrators can upgrade the plugin as needed on the TWiki server.

Note: You do not need to install anything on the browser to use this plugin. The following instructions are for the administrator who installs the plugin on the TWiki server.

  • For an automated installation, run the configure script and follow "Find More Extensions" in the in the Extensions section.

  • Or, follow these manual installation steps:
    • Download the ZIP file from the Plugins home (see below).
    • Unzip HeadlinesPlugin.zip in your twiki installation directory. Content:
      File: Description:
      data/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin.txt Plugin topic
      pub/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin/style.css Default CSS
      lib/TWiki/Plugins/HeadlinesPlugin.pm Plugin Perl module
      lib/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin/Core.pm Plugin core
    • Set the ownership of the extracted directories and files to the webserver user.
    • Make sure the dependencies listed in the table below are resolved.
      Digest::MD5>=2.33Required. Download from CPAN:Digest::MD5
      LWP::UserAgent>=5.803Optional. Download from CPAN:LWP::UserAgent

  • Plugin configuration and testing:
    • Run the configure script, enable the plugin in the Plugins section
    • Configure the plugin: See plugin settings above.
    • Test if the installation was successful: See example above.

Plugin Info

  • One line description, shown in the TextFormattingRules topic:
    • Set SHORTDESCRIPTION = Show headline news in TWiki pages based on RSS and ATOM news feeds from external sites

Plugin Author: TWiki:Main.PeterThoeny, TWiki:Main.MichaelDaum
Copyright: © 2002-2013 Peter Thoeny, TWiki.org
© 2005-2007 Michael Daum wikiring.de
License: GPL (GNU General Public License)
Plugin Version: 2013-02-16
2013-02-16: TWikibug:Item7091: Use TWISTY in installation instructions section and change history
2013-01-29: TWikibug:Item7131: HeadlinesPlugin doesn't match pattern in multiple lines.
2012-12-10: TWikibug:Item7070: HeadlinesPlugin doesn't support multiple disks.
2012-11-13: TWikibug:Item7016: Restore changes for earlier versions with LWP
2012-11-13: TWikibug:Item7020: Categorize TWiki Variable
2012-10-31: TWikibug:Item7016: Utilize <guid> value when it is available
2012-09-05: TWikibug:Item6837: Doc fixes
2011-07-17: TWikibug:Item6764: Add VarHEADLINES variable documentation; doc improvements; setting NO_PREFS_IN_TOPIC
2011-07-08: TWikibug:Item6725: Change global package variables from "use vars" to "our"
2010-05-16: TWikibug:Item6433: More doc improvements
2010-04-25: TWikibug:Item6433: Doc fix: Changing TWIKIWEB to SYSTEMWEB
2010-02-27: TWikibug:Item6313: Fixed bug in ATOM feed with <link ...></link> instead of <link ... /> -- Peter Thoeny
2009-09-30: fixed bug in lastBuildDate of feeds affecting touch parameter functionality -- Peter Thoeny
2009-08-29: added touch parameter -- Peter Thoeny
12 Feb 2009: {PROXY}{HOST} supports domain with and without protocol -- Peter Thoeny
06 Feb 2009: added {PROXY}{SkipProxyForDomains} configure setting, added USERAGENTNAME plugin setting -- Peter Thoeny
11 Dec 2008: added {PROXY}{HOST} and {PROXY}{PORT} configure settings -- Peter Thoeny
13 Sep 2007: fixed parsing of content:encoded
23 Jul 2006: improved atom parser; if a posting has no title default to 'Untitled'
26 Apr 2006: added lazy compilation
10 Feb 2006: packaged using the TWiki:Plugins/BuildContrib; minor fixes
03 Feb 2006: off-by-one: limit="n" returned n+1 articles; make FORMAT and HEADER format strings more robust
23 Jan 2006: released v2.00
05 Dec 2005: internal feed urls must be absolute
02 Dec 2005: added web.topic shorthand for internal feeds
29 Nov 2005: fixed CDATA handling
21 Nov 2005: added ATOM support; extended RSS support; added dublin core support; added content support; optionally using LWP to fetch feeds to follow redirections; corrected CPAN dependencies ; recoding special chars from html integer to entity encoding to increase browser compatibility; added css support; use getWorkArea() if available
11 May 2005: TWiki:Main.WillNorris: added DevelopBranch compatability
31 Oct 2004: Fixed taint issue by TWiki:Main.AdrianWeiler; small performance improvement
29 Oct 2004: Fixed issue of external caching if mod_perl or SpeedyCGI is used
02 Aug 2002: Implemented caching of feeds, thanks to TWiki:Main/RobDuarte
11 Jun 2002: Initial version (V1.000)
Perl Version: 5.8
Plugin Benchmark: GoodStyle 100%, FormattedSearch 99.5%, HeadlinesPlugin 94%
Plugin Home: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/HeadlinesPlugin
Feedback: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/HeadlinesPluginDev
Appraisal: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/HeadlinesPluginAppraisal

Related Topics: VarHEADLINES, TWikiPlugins, AdminDocumentationCategory, TWikiPreferences

Topic revision: r8 - 2013-02-16 - 18:01:51 - TWikiContributor
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