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Headlines Plugin

Show headline news in TWiki pages based on RSS and ATOM news feeds from external sites


This plugin displays RSS and ATOM feeds from news sites. Use it to build news portals that show headline news.


  • RSS (Rich Site Summary) is an XML standard used to publish frequently updated works such as blog entries, news headlines and audio.
  • Atom is an XML syndication format used for web feeds.
  • Syndic8.com at http://www.syndic8.com/ lists many RSS and ATOM feeds.

Syntax Rules


Parameter Explanation Default
"..." Source of RSS or ATOM feed; this can be an url (starting with http) or a web.topic location for internal feeds None; is required
href="..." (Alternative to above) N/A
refresh="60" Refresh rate in minutes for caching feed; "0" for no caching Global REFRESH setting
limit="12" Maximum number of items shown Global LIMIT setting
header="..." Header. May include these variables:
- $channeltitle, $title: title of channel (channel.title)
- $channellink, $link: link of channel (channel.link)
- $channeldescription, $description: description (channel.description)
- $channeldate, $date: publication date of the channel (channel.pubDate)
- $rights: copyrights of the channel (channel.copyright)
- $imagetitle: title text for site (image.title)
- $imagelink: link for site (image.link)
- $imageurl: URL of image (image.url)
- $imagedescription: description of image (image.description)
Global HEADER setting
format="..." Format of one item. May include these variables:
- $title: news item title (item.title)
- $link: news item link (item.link)
- $description: news item description (item.description)
- $date: the publication date (item.pubDate, item.date)
- $category: the article category (item.category)
Global FORMAT setting
touch="..." Touch (edit/save) topics if the feed has updates. Specify a comma-space delimited list of TopicNames or Web.TopicNames, such as "%TOPIC%, NewsLetter". Useful to send out newsletter using MailerContrib, showing new feeds since last newsletter. To update feeds, visit topics with feeds in regular intervals (using cron with wget or the like). N/A

The header and format parameters might also use variables rendering the dc, image and content namespace information. Note, that only bits of interest have been implemented so far and those namespaces might not be implemented fully yet.

Rendering the dc namespace

The following variables are extracting the dc namespace info, that could be used in header and format. Note that some of the variables are already used above. This is done by purpose to use different feeds with the same formatting parameters. If there's a conflict the non-dc tags have higher precedence, i.e. a <title> content </title> is preferred over <dc:title> content </dc:title>.

  • $title: channel/article title (dc:title)
  • $creator: channel creator (dc:creator)
  • $subject: subject text; this will also add an image according to the subject hash list, see above (dc:subject)
  • $description: ... (dc:description)
  • $publisher: the channel/article publisher (dc:publisher)
  • $contributor: ... (dc:contributor)
  • $date: ... (dc:date)
  • $type: ... (dc:type)
  • $format: ... (dc:format)
  • $identifier: ... (dc:identifier)
  • $source: ... (dc:source)
  • $language: ... (dc:language)
  • $relation: ... (dc:relation)
  • $coverage: ... (dc: coverage)
  • $rights: ... (dc: rights)

Rendering the image namespace

An image:item is converted into an <img> tag using the following mappings:

  • src: image url (rdf:about attribute of the image.item tag)
  • alt: image title (title)
  • width: image width (image:width)
  • height: image height image:height)

Rendering the content namespace

The variable $content is referring to the <content:encoding> content </content:encoding>.


Slashdot News


%HEADLINES{ "http://slashdot.org/slashdot.rdf" 
  header="*[[$link][$title]]:* $description" 
  format="$t* [[$link][$title]]"
to get the latest Slashdot news as a bullet list format:

Business Opportunities Weblog


%HEADLINES{ "http://www.business-opportunities.biz/feed" limit="2" }%

to get the latest postings on the "Business Opportunities" weblog:

Sat, 28 Mar 2020 23:01:05 +0000
The original blog about business opportunities and business ideas for small business entrepreneurs
Sat, 28 Mar 2020 23:01:03 +0000 Carrol Strain
Photo by Element5 Digital on Unsplash

Whether your aim is to head into management positions in the business sector or launch your own startup, completing an MBA program is a great way to enhance your business knowledge. What’s more, you will gain valuable skills and attributes that will set you up for a promising career.

Once you know you have met the entry requirements, completed your application, and received an acceptance notice, you will be officially enrolled in an MBA program.

But with assignments to complete and tests to take, it's important that you're fully prepared for what is ahead of you. To ensure you get the grades you envisaged from the start, here are six tips on how to excel in an MBA program.

Know What to Expect

To increase the chances of success in your MBA program, it's crucial that you do as much research as possible into your course before getting started.

Knowledge is power. Therefore, once you become aware of the modules that you will be expected to undertake, you can create a road map for the duration of the course. This means you will know how much time it will take to obtain your MBA.

You will need to understand the importance of time management, which can help make sure you:

  • Deliver your assignments on time
  • Provide the best quality of work
  • Are more productive and efficient
  • Make the most of your opportunities for career growth

Create Clear Objectives and Goals for Your MBA Program

Understandably, the first question you should ask yourself is what you want to get out of your MBA degree.

Whether it's to grow in confidence, launch your own company, or seek higher managerial roles within the organization you currently work for, setting objectives and goals from the start will help keep you motivated and on track with your workload.

Also, having an end goal in sight will help you choose the right concentration and course.

Learn to Prioritize

If your plan is to work part or full time while studying for an MBA, learning how to prioritize is crucial.

With many tasks to focus on simultaneously, you will need to figure out which are the most urgent so they can be addressed quickly. Further, learning how to effectively prioritize will benefit you not only throughout your MBA program but also in day-to-day life, such as managing a busy household.

There are various tips that can help you prioritize your workload better, such as:

  • Creating a list of all your tasks
  • Assessing value
  • Ordering tasks by estimating effort
  • Identifying what is urgent
  • Being flexible and adaptable

Build Relationships During Your MBA Program

One of the major benefits that students gain from an MBA program is the opportunity to network.


So whether you pick a traditional college or study for your MBA degree online, engaging with fellow students, professors, and industry experts can be a great way to build relationships and expand your network.

Additionally, once you've obtained your MBA and are ready to go into the working world, having the right networking skills behind you can increase your chances of securing your dream job.

Knowing how to network helps to:

  • Strengthen business connections
  • Getting fresh perspectives and ideas
  • Having more access to job opportunities
  • Getting support and career advice
  • Building confidence and boosting self-esteem

Make Time to Rest

When studying for an MBA degree, studying and completing coursework will take up a huge amount of your time. If you factor in employment alongside your learning, having the time to relax and unwind can be difficult.

However, as you will be putting your full concentration, time, and money into your MBA program, it's only natural that you will want to get the best grades possible. Therefore, be sure to allocate time for yourself so you can be in the best frame of mind possible.

There are lots of things you can do to reduce stress levels during your course, such as:

  • Getting more sleep
  • Trying relaxation techniques
  • Avoiding caffeine
  • Keeping a stress diary

In addition to the tips listed above, students can benefit from incorporating regular exercise into their routine. Even taking 30 minutes away from your studies for exercise can help you retain a positive mindset.

Ask for Help

While the main purpose of an MBA degree is to help advance your own career, that's not to say you have to solely rely on yourself throughout your studies.


Therefore, whether you are studying in person or have chosen the online route, having the opportunity to engage with classmates and professors when you need help will ensure you stay on the straight and narrow.

Set Yourself up for a Great Career by Completing an MBA Program

Many employers are looking for candidates who have qualifications like an MBA on their resume. To stand out from the crowd and increase the chances of you finding your dream role in business, be sure to use the tips above, and you will excel in your MBA program.

The post 6 Tips for Excelling in an MBA Program appeared first on Business Opportunities.

Fri, 27 Mar 2020 22:26:47 +0000 Carrol Strain
Photo by Andy Feliciotti on Unsplash

Are you considering relocating your business to the capitol of the United States? Here are some things you should take into consideration before moving to Washington DC.

Many Americans Call Washington DC Home

While many view Washington DC as a politics-driven city-and it is-it is also a place a lot of Americans call home. The city is seeing a steady growth in population every year. As a matter of fact, some experts believe the city's population will grow 47% by the year 2045.

DC is a great place if you're looking for career opportunities, want to start a business, or if you want to move up or down from a small town or a bigger city. But before you come, you have to be prepared for some changes. Let's take a look at some of the things you should know before moving to Washington DC.


Washington DC Is More Than Government

Washington is where the federal government is located, and naturally, there are lots of people here who work for the government. But this isn't all DC has to offer as far as opportunities go.

One large portion of DC's prospects is in what is referred to as the ''knowledge economy.'' This is what makes the city so attractive to young professionals with an education. So if you were thinking of moving to the city, but weren’t interested in a career in government or one of the sectors that surround it, then know that the private sector is very robust and looking for new people to fill high-demand positions.

The Housing Market Is Tougher Than It Used to Be

If you're looking for something in prime locations around the city, you might have to wait. With the growth in demand, houses in top neighborhoods are becoming harder to come by.

One of the things you could do, however, is to look at serviced apartments in Washington DC like Blueground, for instance. They have premium furnished properties across the city that can be rented flexibly, starting from a month up to as long as you want before you find somewhere to call home. This will prevent a lot of the troubles of having to work with shady landlords and realtors. This would allow you to take your time, do your research, and find the best place for you.

The Traffic Is No Joke

Many people are surprised when they first experience DC traffic. Traffic in the city can be brutal. Therefore, a lot of people would rather rely on the bus and metro system. You should also factor this in if you were thinking of getting a less expensive pad outside of the city. The daily commute could end taking a toll on you, and that's something you should be prepared for.

The Taxes Are Different in Washington DC

Another thing that you'll have to be prepared for is more taxes. There are a lot of taxes in DC, and some might seem strange to you if you're from a low-tax state or city.

For instance, parking spots are taxed 18%. Then there's a 10% tax on any alcohol purchased off-premises. The same goes for takeout orders and restaurants. And all hotel rooms have a 14.5% tax on them. So make sure you understand the taxation in DC, and factor that into your budget.

There Are Ton of Free Things to Do

On the other hand, Washington DC is a great place if you're a lover of culture but don't want to spend too much. The city is full of free world-class museums you can visit. For example, there are the National Gallery of Art, the Botanic Garden, and the National Air and Space Museum.


Forget Casual Fridays

While Washington is about more than politics, the government is still a major influence. And one place where you can definitely sense this is when it comes to the dress code.

The dress code in DC is more on the conservative side. Even if they don't work in government, most people shop at the same spots and end up having pretty much the same style. So, unless it's for a job for a new startup, we strongly suggest you stay on the conservative end when dressing for interviews or meetings.

Learn to Love Brunch

While everyone likes a good brunch every now and then, brunch is a big deal in Washington. So don't be surprised if you hear someone talking about this hot new brunch spot, or if you see lines outside a restaurant at 10 in the morning. If you were thinking of trying a new brunch place in the city, we strongly suggest you get a reservation and make sure you're there early.


Now that you know a little more about Washington DC, you can start planning your move. Whatever you do, make sure that you take your time when choosing your lodging option, and be ready to trade in your car keys for a Metrocard.

The post What You Should Know Before Moving to Washington DC appeared first on Business Opportunities.

Plugin Settings

Plugin settings are stored as preferences settings. Do not change the settings here, they are here only for illustration purposes showing the default values. Define the settings in Main.TWikiPreferences. For example, to customize the HEADLINESPLUGIN_USERAGENTNAME setting, add a * Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_USERAGENTNAME = ... bullet in Main.TWikiPreferences.

  • Refresh rate in minutes for cached feeds. Set to 0 to disable caching:

  • Maximum number of items shown:

  • Use LWP::UserAgent if set to 1, or fallback to TWiki's internal getUrl() method if set to 0:

  • Timeout fetching a feed using the LWP::UserAgent:

  • Name of user agent:
    • Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_USERAGENTNAME = TWikiHeadlinesPlugin/2011-07-08

  • Default header: (variables are explained in the syntax rules)
      * Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_HEADER = <div class="headlinesChannel"><div class="headlinesLogo"><img src="$imageurl" alt="$imagetitle" border="0" />%BR%</div><div class="headlinesTitle">$n---+!! <a href="$link">$title</a></div><div class="headlinesDate">$date</div><div class="headlinesDescription">$description</div><div class="headlinesRight">$rights</div></div>

  • Default format of one item: (variables are explained in the syntax rules)
      * Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_FORMAT = <div class="headlinesArticle"><div class="headlinesTitle"><a href="$link">$title</a></div>$n<span class="headlinesDate">$date</span> <span class="headlinesCreator"> $creator</span> <span class="headlinesSubject"> $subject </span>$n<div class="headlinesText"> $description</div></div>

  • Values taken from configure: (only supported if CPAN:LWP is installed)
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{HOST} - proxy host, such as "proxy.example.com";
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{PORT} - proxy port, such as "8080";
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{SkipProxyForDomains} - domains excluded from proxy, such as "intra.example.com, bugs.example.com";

Style Sheets

The default HEADER and FORMAT settings use the following styles. See the style.css file defining the default CSS properties (indentation illustrates enclosure).

  • headlinesRss: output of the HeadlinesPlugin (div)
    • headlinesChannel: channel header (div)
      • headlinesLogo: channel logo (div)
      • headlinesTitle: channel title (div)
      • headlinesDate: channel date (div)
      • headlinesDescription: channel description (div)
      • headlinesRight: channel copyright (div)
    • headlinesArticle: one news item (div)
      • headlinesTitle: article title (div)
      • headlinesDate: article date (span)
      • headlinesCreator: author of article (span)
      • headlinesSubject: subect category of the article (span)
      • headlinesText: article text (div)

Plugin Installation Instructions

This is a pre-installed plugin. TWiki administrators can upgrade the plugin as needed on the TWiki server.

Note: You do not need to install anything on the browser to use this plugin. The following instructions are for the administrator who installs the plugin on the TWiki server.

  • For an automated installation, run the configure script and follow "Find More Extensions" in the in the Extensions section.

  • Or, follow these manual installation steps:
    • Download the ZIP file from the Plugins home (see below).
    • Unzip HeadlinesPlugin.zip in your twiki installation directory. Content:
      File: Description:
      data/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin.txt Plugin topic
      pub/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin/style.css Default CSS
      lib/TWiki/Plugins/HeadlinesPlugin.pm Plugin Perl module
      lib/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin/Core.pm Plugin core
    • Set the ownership of the extracted directories and files to the webserver user.
    • Make sure the dependencies listed in the table below are resolved.
      Digest::MD5>=2.33Required. Download from CPAN:Digest::MD5
      LWP::UserAgent>=5.803Optional. Download from CPAN:LWP::UserAgent

  • Plugin configuration and testing:
    • Run the configure script, enable the plugin in the Plugins section
    • Configure the plugin: See plugin settings above.
    • Test if the installation was successful: See example above.

Plugin Info

  • One line description, shown in the TextFormattingRules topic:
    • Set SHORTDESCRIPTION = Show headline news in TWiki pages based on RSS and ATOM news feeds from external sites

Plugin Author: TWiki:Main.PeterThoeny, TWiki:Main.MichaelDaum
Copyright: © 2002-2013 Peter Thoeny, TWiki.org
© 2005-2007 Michael Daum wikiring.de
License: GPL (GNU General Public License)
Plugin Version: 2013-02-16
2013-02-16: TWikibug:Item7091: Use TWISTY in installation instructions section and change history
2013-01-29: TWikibug:Item7131: HeadlinesPlugin doesn't match pattern in multiple lines.
2012-12-10: TWikibug:Item7070: HeadlinesPlugin doesn't support multiple disks.
2012-11-13: TWikibug:Item7016: Restore changes for earlier versions with LWP
2012-11-13: TWikibug:Item7020: Categorize TWiki Variable
2012-10-31: TWikibug:Item7016: Utilize <guid> value when it is available
2012-09-05: TWikibug:Item6837: Doc fixes
2011-07-17: TWikibug:Item6764: Add VarHEADLINES variable documentation; doc improvements; setting NO_PREFS_IN_TOPIC
2011-07-08: TWikibug:Item6725: Change global package variables from "use vars" to "our"
2010-05-16: TWikibug:Item6433: More doc improvements
2010-04-25: TWikibug:Item6433: Doc fix: Changing TWIKIWEB to SYSTEMWEB
2010-02-27: TWikibug:Item6313: Fixed bug in ATOM feed with <link ...></link> instead of <link ... /> -- Peter Thoeny
2009-09-30: fixed bug in lastBuildDate of feeds affecting touch parameter functionality -- Peter Thoeny
2009-08-29: added touch parameter -- Peter Thoeny
12 Feb 2009: {PROXY}{HOST} supports domain with and without protocol -- Peter Thoeny
06 Feb 2009: added {PROXY}{SkipProxyForDomains} configure setting, added USERAGENTNAME plugin setting -- Peter Thoeny
11 Dec 2008: added {PROXY}{HOST} and {PROXY}{PORT} configure settings -- Peter Thoeny
13 Sep 2007: fixed parsing of content:encoded
23 Jul 2006: improved atom parser; if a posting has no title default to 'Untitled'
26 Apr 2006: added lazy compilation
10 Feb 2006: packaged using the TWiki:Plugins/BuildContrib; minor fixes
03 Feb 2006: off-by-one: limit="n" returned n+1 articles; make FORMAT and HEADER format strings more robust
23 Jan 2006: released v2.00
05 Dec 2005: internal feed urls must be absolute
02 Dec 2005: added web.topic shorthand for internal feeds
29 Nov 2005: fixed CDATA handling
21 Nov 2005: added ATOM support; extended RSS support; added dublin core support; added content support; optionally using LWP to fetch feeds to follow redirections; corrected CPAN dependencies ; recoding special chars from html integer to entity encoding to increase browser compatibility; added css support; use getWorkArea() if available
11 May 2005: TWiki:Main.WillNorris: added DevelopBranch compatability
31 Oct 2004: Fixed taint issue by TWiki:Main.AdrianWeiler; small performance improvement
29 Oct 2004: Fixed issue of external caching if mod_perl or SpeedyCGI is used
02 Aug 2002: Implemented caching of feeds, thanks to TWiki:Main/RobDuarte
11 Jun 2002: Initial version (V1.000)
Perl Version: 5.8
Plugin Benchmark: GoodStyle 100%, FormattedSearch 99.5%, HeadlinesPlugin 94%
Plugin Home: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/HeadlinesPlugin
Feedback: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/HeadlinesPluginDev
Appraisal: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/HeadlinesPluginAppraisal

Related Topics: VarHEADLINES, TWikiPlugins, AdminDocumentationCategory, TWikiPreferences

Topic revision: r8 - 2013-02-16 - 18:01:51 - TWikiContributor
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