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Headlines Plugin

Show headline news in TWiki pages based on RSS and ATOM news feeds from external sites


This plugin displays RSS and ATOM feeds from news sites. Use it to build news portals that show headline news.


  • RSS (Rich Site Summary) is an XML standard used to publish frequently updated works such as blog entries, news headlines and audio.
  • Atom is an XML syndication format used for web feeds.
  • Syndic8.com at http://www.syndic8.com/ lists many RSS and ATOM feeds.

Syntax Rules


ParameterSorted ascending Explanation Default
"..." Source of RSS or ATOM feed; this can be an url (starting with http) or a web.topic location for internal feeds None; is required
format="..." Format of one item. May include these variables:
- $title: news item title (item.title)
- $link: news item link (item.link)
- $description: news item description (item.description)
- $date: the publication date (item.pubDate, item.date)
- $category: the article category (item.category)
Global FORMAT setting
header="..." Header. May include these variables:
- $channeltitle, $title: title of channel (channel.title)
- $channellink, $link: link of channel (channel.link)
- $channeldescription, $description: description (channel.description)
- $channeldate, $date: publication date of the channel (channel.pubDate)
- $rights: copyrights of the channel (channel.copyright)
- $imagetitle: title text for site (image.title)
- $imagelink: link for site (image.link)
- $imageurl: URL of image (image.url)
- $imagedescription: description of image (image.description)
Global HEADER setting
href="..." (Alternative to above) N/A
limit="12" Maximum number of items shown Global LIMIT setting
refresh="60" Refresh rate in minutes for caching feed; "0" for no caching Global REFRESH setting
touch="..." Touch (edit/save) topics if the feed has updates. Specify a comma-space delimited list of TopicNames or Web.TopicNames, such as "%TOPIC%, NewsLetter". Useful to send out newsletter using MailerContrib, showing new feeds since last newsletter. To update feeds, visit topics with feeds in regular intervals (using cron with wget or the like). N/A

The header and format parameters might also use variables rendering the dc, image and content namespace information. Note, that only bits of interest have been implemented so far and those namespaces might not be implemented fully yet.

Rendering the dc namespace

The following variables are extracting the dc namespace info, that could be used in header and format. Note that some of the variables are already used above. This is done by purpose to use different feeds with the same formatting parameters. If there's a conflict the non-dc tags have higher precedence, i.e. a <title> content </title> is preferred over <dc:title> content </dc:title>.

  • $title: channel/article title (dc:title)
  • $creator: channel creator (dc:creator)
  • $subject: subject text; this will also add an image according to the subject hash list, see above (dc:subject)
  • $description: ... (dc:description)
  • $publisher: the channel/article publisher (dc:publisher)
  • $contributor: ... (dc:contributor)
  • $date: ... (dc:date)
  • $type: ... (dc:type)
  • $format: ... (dc:format)
  • $identifier: ... (dc:identifier)
  • $source: ... (dc:source)
  • $language: ... (dc:language)
  • $relation: ... (dc:relation)
  • $coverage: ... (dc: coverage)
  • $rights: ... (dc: rights)

Rendering the image namespace

An image:item is converted into an <img> tag using the following mappings:

  • src: image url (rdf:about attribute of the image.item tag)
  • alt: image title (title)
  • width: image width (image:width)
  • height: image height image:height)

Rendering the content namespace

The variable $content is referring to the <content:encoding> content </content:encoding>.


Slashdot News


%HEADLINES{ "http://slashdot.org/slashdot.rdf" 
  header="*[[$link][$title]]:* $description" 
  format="$t* [[$link][$title]]"
to get the latest Slashdot news as a bullet list format:

Business Opportunities Weblog


%HEADLINES{ "http://www.business-opportunities.biz/feed" limit="2" }%

to get the latest postings on the "Business Opportunities" weblog:

Sun, 19 Jan 2020 01:11:38 +0000
The original blog about business opportunities and business ideas for small business entrepreneurs
Sun, 19 Jan 2020 01:11:31 +0000 Mel Martinez

Employee turnover costs your company in multiple ways. In fact, reports show that turnover costs employers a whopping $15,000 per employee, mostly for reasons that are avoidable. In addition, there are massive ramifications to the entire company when your top star leaves the team. As a business owner, attention to employee retention is key for a thriving work environment.

Feature Photo by Ian Schneider on Unsplash

If you run a small business, you are most likely faced with limited resources. So, retaining your best and brightest is vital to your business success. Therefore, efficient and effective employee retention strategies help to improve office morale and productivity. Such strategies ensure that your best workers don't leave you for the competition. 

Consider these three simple and cost-effective employee retention strategies to help you succeed. 

Communicate With Your Employees

You might think communication is handled. Employees come to do their job and go home. However, healthy and transparent communication significantly improves employee retention. Great communication encourages employees to ask questions, addresses employee and company concerns, and provides you a vehicle for receiving feedback. Considering employee feedback and follow-up are key factors for effective leadership. Great leaders foster excellent employees and positively impact employee retention.

Experts explain that ''an emphasis on communication equips employees to feel valued, satisfied and motivated which enhances their morale and increases their output.''


Our favorite tool to communicate with your employees is Connecteam's free employee communication app. In the click of a button, you are able to create a two-way communication channel. Managers can send private or group chats and updates. The platform allows you to share weekly goals, celebrate the employee of the month, send birthday wishes, release company announcements and more. Additionally, employees have a tool to communicate with you in real-time if they have issues. Apps like this make communication simple and effective.

Hire For Retention

According to Glassdoor, 35% of employers who hire new employees already anticipate that other employees will resign in that same year. If your hiring strategy includes the expectation that existing employees will soon resign, something isn't working! Make changes toward retention rather than hiring a workforce you expect will not be with your company for long.

To begin, revamp your interview process. Ask questions that help bring out qualities that you seek to develop among your employees. Consider past performance relevant to tasks you're hiring for. Be consistent across interviews so you can utilize lateral comparison. 

Employee Retention - Interviews 300w, two-woman-chatting-1311518-768x432.jpg 768w, two-woman-chatting-1311518-696x392.jpg 696w, two-woman-chatting-1311518-1068x601.jpg 1068w, two-woman-chatting-1311518-747x420.jpg 747w, two-woman-chatting-1311518.jpg 1200w" sizes="(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px" />
Photo by mentatdgt from Pexels

Next, ensure that the job description is clear. Many new hires reported that they would stay at a job and company longer if they knew more about their job role early on. It is essential that you do not omit details of the position. Take the time to find the right candidate, even if you are desperate to fill the vacancy. Remain transparent so the right employee joins your company and stays for the long term. 

On-Boarding Is Crucial 

As soon as a new hire arrives on their first day, make sure they're set up for success!  teach them about the company culture, training opportunities, mission and values, and so on. Make clear to them that their job role and responsibilities, while very important to success, are just a part of their relationship with your company. HR experts say, ''Onboarding new hires at an organization should be a strategic process and last at least one year to ensure high retention.''

Employee Retention Makes The Difference

Employee retention is just one strategy for your business' success. Still, having the right team with the right employees invested in your company's success makes the difference. In order for them to invest and be loyal to you, invest and be loyal to them. Your business will most certainly reap the rewards.

The post Employee Retention Tips for 2020 appeared first on Business Opportunities.

Sat, 18 Jan 2020 01:37:41 +0000 Carrol Strain

If you’ve decided to study for an advanced business degree, your next step is to decide where to study and at which school or university. When making your choice, do not simply limit yourself to studying in America, because there is a far more interesting option out there.

Study in Europe!

Europe offers many hundreds of years of history, culture, and learning. In short, with their diverse and interesting history, European schools know a thing or two about education.

No matter what your requirements, there is a school or college in Europe that will provide you with exactly what you need. As continents go, Europe is small. But with 51 countries, each having its own culture, language, food, architecture, art, and music, there is nowhere else on earth that offers quite so much.


In fact, you will find unrivaled institutions where you can study business in Europe. What’s more, some of these top-rated schools charge minimum fees, and some even offer free education for all.

Additionally, Europe has many cross-border agreements between countries. This has strengthened their international academic community and enhances their diversity and research facilities.

Travel Easily Within the European Union

Once you’re inside the European Union you have the freedom to travel across borders. Just imagine: You will have the chance to visit some of the most famous and historic places on the planet. Meanwhile, you’ll be mingling with lots of other international students and travelers.

To have studied in Europe proves some things to any potential future employer. For one thing, you will have attained skills that are second to none. You will also be showing clearly that you are willing to take risks and step outside of your comfort zone. To top it off, you will have obtained your education on a continent that is a world leader in developing cross-border business.

If you can add any of the many fine European business schools to your CV, your future employer is likely to try to snap you up in an instant.

Europe is home to some of the world’s largest economic centers and business hubs, and all of them have so much to offer. Places such as London, Montreux, Berlin, Madrid, Paris, Vienna, and Oslo are just the top of the list of top-rated European cities.

Moreover, each of these cities is a powerful hub of business activity, with each having their own extensive background of history and business experience.

Many Americans Choose to Study in the UK

Many American students choose to study in the UK because there is no language barrier. Plus, the UK is home to many globally acclaimed schools. Universities in places like London, Oxford, and Cambridge are only three locations out of many.

Once you find a school that suits your needs, they will help you to obtain your study visa and Schengen visa for the duration of your studies. This is an easy process and provides easy access to the rest of Europe. From London, for instance, you will be only an hour or two away from just about any part of Europe. Therefore, travel and exploration will be extremely easy.

But You Can Study Instead on the Shores of Lake Geneva

Montreux Business School is a serious contender if you are looking to study in the heart of Europe. Located in Switzerland on the shores of Lake Geneva, this school offers a whole host of internationally acclaimed business programs, including online studies. All its courses are taught in English by its renowned international and multicultural faculty.

Or Study in Germany for a Free Education

If school fees are a problem for you, then consider studying in Germany. There, most public universities offer free education. In fact, you need to pay only a small administrative fee plus your housing and personal expenses.

However, don’t imagine that schools in Germany offer lower-quality tuition just because they are free. They don’t! The quality is as high as any other.

Europe Offers a Wide Range of Settings for Your Schooling

There are many countries to consider for places to study in Europe. For example, Switzerland is famous for its banking industry, and the Swiss know a thing or two about business. Moreover, Switzerland is home to universities in Geneva, Zurich, Bern, and many other cities.

Or you may want to study in France. Located near the center of Europe, France has one of the largest economies in the world. Plus, its diverse history and culture are unrivaled.

Within Scandinavia lie several Nordic countries with schools that are incredibly diverse and of high quality. What's more, EU residents can study for free in Sweden and Denmark, although living costs can be pricey. And Norway offers free tuition to anyone at most of their universities.


So enjoy choosing the European location where you’ll advance your education in business. You have quite an adventure ahead of you!

The post How Would You Like to Study Business in Europe? appeared first on Business Opportunities.

Plugin Settings

Plugin settings are stored as preferences settings. Do not change the settings here, they are here only for illustration purposes showing the default values. Define the settings in Main.TWikiPreferences. For example, to customize the HEADLINESPLUGIN_USERAGENTNAME setting, add a * Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_USERAGENTNAME = ... bullet in Main.TWikiPreferences.

  • Refresh rate in minutes for cached feeds. Set to 0 to disable caching:

  • Maximum number of items shown:

  • Use LWP::UserAgent if set to 1, or fallback to TWiki's internal getUrl() method if set to 0:

  • Timeout fetching a feed using the LWP::UserAgent:

  • Name of user agent:
    • Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_USERAGENTNAME = TWikiHeadlinesPlugin/2011-07-08

  • Default header: (variables are explained in the syntax rules)
      * Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_HEADER = <div class="headlinesChannel"><div class="headlinesLogo"><img src="$imageurl" alt="$imagetitle" border="0" />%BR%</div><div class="headlinesTitle">$n---+!! <a href="$link">$title</a></div><div class="headlinesDate">$date</div><div class="headlinesDescription">$description</div><div class="headlinesRight">$rights</div></div>

  • Default format of one item: (variables are explained in the syntax rules)
      * Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_FORMAT = <div class="headlinesArticle"><div class="headlinesTitle"><a href="$link">$title</a></div>$n<span class="headlinesDate">$date</span> <span class="headlinesCreator"> $creator</span> <span class="headlinesSubject"> $subject </span>$n<div class="headlinesText"> $description</div></div>

  • Values taken from configure: (only supported if CPAN:LWP is installed)
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{HOST} - proxy host, such as "proxy.example.com";
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{PORT} - proxy port, such as "8080";
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{SkipProxyForDomains} - domains excluded from proxy, such as "intra.example.com, bugs.example.com";

Style Sheets

The default HEADER and FORMAT settings use the following styles. See the style.css file defining the default CSS properties (indentation illustrates enclosure).

  • headlinesRss: output of the HeadlinesPlugin (div)
    • headlinesChannel: channel header (div)
      • headlinesLogo: channel logo (div)
      • headlinesTitle: channel title (div)
      • headlinesDate: channel date (div)
      • headlinesDescription: channel description (div)
      • headlinesRight: channel copyright (div)
    • headlinesArticle: one news item (div)
      • headlinesTitle: article title (div)
      • headlinesDate: article date (span)
      • headlinesCreator: author of article (span)
      • headlinesSubject: subect category of the article (span)
      • headlinesText: article text (div)

Plugin Installation Instructions

This is a pre-installed plugin. TWiki administrators can upgrade the plugin as needed on the TWiki server.

Note: You do not need to install anything on the browser to use this plugin. The following instructions are for the administrator who installs the plugin on the TWiki server.

  • For an automated installation, run the configure script and follow "Find More Extensions" in the in the Extensions section.

  • Or, follow these manual installation steps:
    • Download the ZIP file from the Plugins home (see below).
    • Unzip HeadlinesPlugin.zip in your twiki installation directory. Content:
      File: Description:
      data/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin.txt Plugin topic
      pub/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin/style.css Default CSS
      lib/TWiki/Plugins/HeadlinesPlugin.pm Plugin Perl module
      lib/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin/Core.pm Plugin core
    • Set the ownership of the extracted directories and files to the webserver user.
    • Make sure the dependencies listed in the table below are resolved.
      Digest::MD5>=2.33Required. Download from CPAN:Digest::MD5
      LWP::UserAgent>=5.803Optional. Download from CPAN:LWP::UserAgent

  • Plugin configuration and testing:
    • Run the configure script, enable the plugin in the Plugins section
    • Configure the plugin: See plugin settings above.
    • Test if the installation was successful: See example above.

Plugin Info

  • One line description, shown in the TextFormattingRules topic:
    • Set SHORTDESCRIPTION = Show headline news in TWiki pages based on RSS and ATOM news feeds from external sites

Plugin Author: TWiki:Main.PeterThoeny, TWiki:Main.MichaelDaum
Copyright: © 2002-2013 Peter Thoeny, TWiki.org
© 2005-2007 Michael Daum wikiring.de
License: GPL (GNU General Public License)
Plugin Version: 2013-02-16
2013-02-16: TWikibug:Item7091: Use TWISTY in installation instructions section and change history
2013-01-29: TWikibug:Item7131: HeadlinesPlugin doesn't match pattern in multiple lines.
2012-12-10: TWikibug:Item7070: HeadlinesPlugin doesn't support multiple disks.
2012-11-13: TWikibug:Item7016: Restore changes for earlier versions with LWP
2012-11-13: TWikibug:Item7020: Categorize TWiki Variable
2012-10-31: TWikibug:Item7016: Utilize <guid> value when it is available
2012-09-05: TWikibug:Item6837: Doc fixes
2011-07-17: TWikibug:Item6764: Add VarHEADLINES variable documentation; doc improvements; setting NO_PREFS_IN_TOPIC
2011-07-08: TWikibug:Item6725: Change global package variables from "use vars" to "our"
2010-05-16: TWikibug:Item6433: More doc improvements
2010-04-25: TWikibug:Item6433: Doc fix: Changing TWIKIWEB to SYSTEMWEB
2010-02-27: TWikibug:Item6313: Fixed bug in ATOM feed with <link ...></link> instead of <link ... /> -- Peter Thoeny
2009-09-30: fixed bug in lastBuildDate of feeds affecting touch parameter functionality -- Peter Thoeny
2009-08-29: added touch parameter -- Peter Thoeny
12 Feb 2009: {PROXY}{HOST} supports domain with and without protocol -- Peter Thoeny
06 Feb 2009: added {PROXY}{SkipProxyForDomains} configure setting, added USERAGENTNAME plugin setting -- Peter Thoeny
11 Dec 2008: added {PROXY}{HOST} and {PROXY}{PORT} configure settings -- Peter Thoeny
13 Sep 2007: fixed parsing of content:encoded
23 Jul 2006: improved atom parser; if a posting has no title default to 'Untitled'
26 Apr 2006: added lazy compilation
10 Feb 2006: packaged using the TWiki:Plugins/BuildContrib; minor fixes
03 Feb 2006: off-by-one: limit="n" returned n+1 articles; make FORMAT and HEADER format strings more robust
23 Jan 2006: released v2.00
05 Dec 2005: internal feed urls must be absolute
02 Dec 2005: added web.topic shorthand for internal feeds
29 Nov 2005: fixed CDATA handling
21 Nov 2005: added ATOM support; extended RSS support; added dublin core support; added content support; optionally using LWP to fetch feeds to follow redirections; corrected CPAN dependencies ; recoding special chars from html integer to entity encoding to increase browser compatibility; added css support; use getWorkArea() if available
11 May 2005: TWiki:Main.WillNorris: added DevelopBranch compatability
31 Oct 2004: Fixed taint issue by TWiki:Main.AdrianWeiler; small performance improvement
29 Oct 2004: Fixed issue of external caching if mod_perl or SpeedyCGI is used
02 Aug 2002: Implemented caching of feeds, thanks to TWiki:Main/RobDuarte
11 Jun 2002: Initial version (V1.000)
Perl Version: 5.8
Plugin Benchmark: GoodStyle 100%, FormattedSearch 99.5%, HeadlinesPlugin 94%
Plugin Home: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/HeadlinesPlugin
Feedback: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/HeadlinesPluginDev
Appraisal: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/HeadlinesPluginAppraisal

Related Topics: VarHEADLINES, TWikiPlugins, AdminDocumentationCategory, TWikiPreferences

Topic revision: r8 - 2013-02-16 - 18:01:51 - TWikiContributor
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