create new tag
, view all tags

Headlines Plugin

Show headline news in TWiki pages based on RSS and ATOM news feeds from external sites


This plugin displays RSS and ATOM feeds from news sites. Use it to build news portals that show headline news.


  • RSS (Rich Site Summary) is an XML standard used to publish frequently updated works such as blog entries, news headlines and audio.
  • Atom is an XML syndication format used for web feeds.
  • Syndic8.com at http://www.syndic8.com/ lists many RSS and ATOM feeds.

Syntax Rules


Parameter Explanation DefaultSorted ascending
format="..." Format of one item. May include these variables:
- $title: news item title (item.title)
- $link: news item link (item.link)
- $description: news item description (item.description)
- $date: the publication date (item.pubDate, item.date)
- $category: the article category (item.category)
Global FORMAT setting
header="..." Header. May include these variables:
- $channeltitle, $title: title of channel (channel.title)
- $channellink, $link: link of channel (channel.link)
- $channeldescription, $description: description (channel.description)
- $channeldate, $date: publication date of the channel (channel.pubDate)
- $rights: copyrights of the channel (channel.copyright)
- $imagetitle: title text for site (image.title)
- $imagelink: link for site (image.link)
- $imageurl: URL of image (image.url)
- $imagedescription: description of image (image.description)
Global HEADER setting
limit="12" Maximum number of items shown Global LIMIT setting
refresh="60" Refresh rate in minutes for caching feed; "0" for no caching Global REFRESH setting
href="..." (Alternative to above) N/A
touch="..." Touch (edit/save) topics if the feed has updates. Specify a comma-space delimited list of TopicNames or Web.TopicNames, such as "%TOPIC%, NewsLetter". Useful to send out newsletter using MailerContrib, showing new feeds since last newsletter. To update feeds, visit topics with feeds in regular intervals (using cron with wget or the like). N/A
"..." Source of RSS or ATOM feed; this can be an url (starting with http) or a web.topic location for internal feeds None; is required

The header and format parameters might also use variables rendering the dc, image and content namespace information. Note, that only bits of interest have been implemented so far and those namespaces might not be implemented fully yet.

Rendering the dc namespace

The following variables are extracting the dc namespace info, that could be used in header and format. Note that some of the variables are already used above. This is done by purpose to use different feeds with the same formatting parameters. If there's a conflict the non-dc tags have higher precedence, i.e. a <title> content </title> is preferred over <dc:title> content </dc:title>.

  • $title: channel/article title (dc:title)
  • $creator: channel creator (dc:creator)
  • $subject: subject text; this will also add an image according to the subject hash list, see above (dc:subject)
  • $description: ... (dc:description)
  • $publisher: the channel/article publisher (dc:publisher)
  • $contributor: ... (dc:contributor)
  • $date: ... (dc:date)
  • $type: ... (dc:type)
  • $format: ... (dc:format)
  • $identifier: ... (dc:identifier)
  • $source: ... (dc:source)
  • $language: ... (dc:language)
  • $relation: ... (dc:relation)
  • $coverage: ... (dc: coverage)
  • $rights: ... (dc: rights)

Rendering the image namespace

An image:item is converted into an <img> tag using the following mappings:

  • src: image url (rdf:about attribute of the image.item tag)
  • alt: image title (title)
  • width: image width (image:width)
  • height: image height image:height)

Rendering the content namespace

The variable $content is referring to the <content:encoding> content </content:encoding>.


Slashdot News


%HEADLINES{ "http://slashdot.org/slashdot.rdf" 
  header="*[[$link][$title]]:* $description" 
  format="$t* [[$link][$title]]"
to get the latest Slashdot news as a bullet list format:

Business Opportunities Weblog


%HEADLINES{ "http://www.business-opportunities.biz/feed" limit="2" }%

to get the latest postings on the "Business Opportunities" weblog:

Wed, 22 Jan 2020 15:31:31 +0000
The original blog about business opportunities and business ideas for small business entrepreneurs
Wed, 22 Jan 2020 03:00:48 +0000 Mel Martinez

If you're a .NET developer and want to break into freelancing, you have many options. However, .NET freelancing requires time and intention to become lucrative. 

Photo by Daria Shevtsova from Pexels

Most freelancers will tell you to start on the side. You can pick up freelancing jobs while still staying in your current form of employment until you build a steady client base. The goal is to make consistent money over a period of a few months before diving right into life as a full-time freelancer.

Freelancers have a lot of responsibilities that normal employees do not have, including:

Thankfully, .NET's framework is used in applications worldwide, so you'll be able to develop for small and large businesses alike. Use these tips to get ready for this next step in your career.

Experience and Portfolio

Developers are unlike other freelancers because you can't share your source code with others. This can make creating your portfolio a challenge. Though you can show a prospective client your examples of software, websites, apps and other projects you have created, showing the source code allows the client to steal the code. Also, If you worked for someone else at the time of development, chances are good that they own the code.

You can, however, say that you used .NET to:

  • Develop X website (providing an example) and were responsible for connecting to banks, databases and other third-party sites via API calls
  • Develop an app that allowed for financial institutes to manage clients on the cloud

You must provide samples to show clients. Consider building a website with live examples of your work for potential employers to test. When listing projects that you worked on, make sure to mention your contributions and key responsibilities when working on the project.

If you have no experience, you may want to work with Redwerk or another .NET development company to learn the ropes of .NET development.

Develop your portfolio using open source project contributions. Many companies respect open-source projects and will view your contributions to these projects in the same way they would view your experience working with a development firm.

Finding Clients as a Freelancer

Once you have a portfolio ready to show prospective clients, it's time to go out and find clients. It takes a lot of work and effort to find clients to fill up your schedule. It’s not uncommon for freelancers to charge more per hour of work than a development firm pays its developers. This is because freelancers carry a lot more responsibilities. However, employers save money by avoiding the cost of benefits packages. So, price your hourly rate accordingly.


You’ll find that finding clients requires you to:

  • be persistent,
  • be patient,
  • communicate well,
  • become detail-oriented,
  • and be willing to learn.

You will also need to be able to properly assess projects and offer realistic timelines. 

Be persistent. Be willing to be rejected. A lot of people are vying for the same job and a lot of people may be willing to work for less than you charge. It’s up to you to be able to create a proposal that allows you to stand out from the competition.

Here are a few key methods to help jumpstart life as a freelancer:

  • Look for jobs on Upwork 
  • Look for jobs on Freelancer
  • Email companies to pitch your services
  • Search job boards for freelance positions

Connections are everything, so try and find a .NET forum where people are asking for help. If you can demonstrate your expertise and help others, you'll find that a lot of these connections can lead to work, too.

Specify Your .NET Freelancing Niche

Your success depends on the right clients with projects you are perfect for finding you. In order to help this process, be clear about the projects you have experience working on. For instance, say you work particularly well with startups and have helped them keep development costs low.  Provide examples of your work that feature a startup and provide the cost savings analysis. 

300w, pexels-2004161-768x432.jpg 768w, pexels-2004161-696x392.jpg 696w, pexels-2004161-1068x601.jpg 1068w, pexels-2004161-747x420.jpg 747w, pexels-2004161.jpg 1200w" sizes="(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px" />
Photo by Markus Spiske temporausch.com from Pexels

Use your network, social media and other avenues to source projects.Once you land your first gig, treat every opportunity as a learning process and continue marketing yourself. Slowly, you'll build up your portfolio and reputation. You can also try working with recruitment agencies that can help you land your first few freelancing gigs to get started.

The key to freelancing is persistence and marketing. If you continually market yourself and aren't afraid of rejection, you'll eventually land gigs. Good luck!

The post .NET Freelancing: How To Get Started appeared first on Business Opportunities.

Wed, 22 Jan 2020 02:56:09 +0000 Carrol Strain
Featured Image by Capri23auto from Pixabay 

If your small business depends on uninterrupted transportation of your products to your customers or some other aspect of your operation, you likely rely heavily on your own fleet of vehicles. And in the case of unexpected breakdowns in one or more of your vehicles, your company's workflow can really take a hit.

But what can your company do to mitigate the effects of costly vehicle breakdowns? One solution is to turn to an established organization such as Palmer Administrative Services.


What Is Palmer Administrative Services?

You really can’t predict when a particular vehicle in your fleet is going to need repair. However, when an automobile accident or a vehicle breakdown occurs, a small company’s cash flow could suffer.

Here is where Palmer Administrative Services steps in. They are unique. Their auto protection services will cover the cost of unexpected vehicle breakdowns.

How Does Palmer Help with Breakdowns?

Palmer Administrative Services maintains high standards when it comes to taking care of their clients. They offer a wide range of auto protection plans to protect clients in the event of vehicle breakdowns.

Partnering with Palmer assures you of a lifetime extended auto protection plan. You have your choice of various flexible payment options and suitable protection plans.

Thereafter, when one of your vehicles has a breakdown, the Palmer claims department will process your claim quickly using an advanced system for dealing with repair costs. Clients are guaranteed full protection from a highly rated company.

What If My Claim Is for an Accident and Not a Simple Breakdown?

On the other hand, if one or more of your vehicles has been involved in an accident, associates at Palmer Administrative Services will take care of your claim processing. Without delay, they will see that your vehicle is repaired.

Moreover, the company has been in operation for more than three decades and has a reputation for integrity. Their employees have extensive experience and understand how inconvenient unexpected vehicle breakdowns can be. They strive to satisfy all their customers, and they treat each one with dignity and respect.

They have formulated effective solutions to help their clients plan for vehicle breakdowns and save money. Palmer Administrative Services has several plans that work well for their clients. When you partner with them, they will guide you on specific ways you can plan for possible future breakdowns.

What Are the Plans That Will Help Me in Case of a Breakdown?

Elite Exclusionary Plan

The Elite Exclusionary Plan varies by state due to regulatory differences. However, coverage services and limits for your state are described in detail in the company’s manual.

Basic Plan

The Palmer Basic Plan covers the engine, which is the major component of any car. This plan is best for older vehicles, as it helps clients save money on unexpected repairs.

Powertrain Plan

The Palmer Powertrain Plan works well for people who want to maintain and use their vehicles for a long time. This plan protects the vehicle owner from expensive repairs and could even save a Palmer client thousands in the case of a breakdown.

Royal Select Plan

The Royal Select plan is for owners of new cars, and it covers various repairs. Protected parts include pistons, main bearings, rotors, and other internal rotary engine parts.

What Are My Payment Options?

Palmer provides advice to clients on their optimal plan as well as their payment options. What’s more, the Palmer customer care desk is open for extended hours to take claims and offer assistance to clients.


Palmer Administrative Services provides extended protection plans that protect clients from the stress and worry over unexpected repair bills when vehicles break down. The payment process is straightforward, and the mechanic can even be paid by credit card over the phone.

So don’t worry about vehicle breakdowns anymore. Partner with Palmer Administrative Services and plan on saving a lot of money.

The post Get Coverage for Unexpected Vehicle Breakdowns appeared first on Business Opportunities.

Plugin Settings

Plugin settings are stored as preferences settings. Do not change the settings here, they are here only for illustration purposes showing the default values. Define the settings in Main.TWikiPreferences. For example, to customize the HEADLINESPLUGIN_USERAGENTNAME setting, add a * Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_USERAGENTNAME = ... bullet in Main.TWikiPreferences.

  • Refresh rate in minutes for cached feeds. Set to 0 to disable caching:

  • Maximum number of items shown:

  • Use LWP::UserAgent if set to 1, or fallback to TWiki's internal getUrl() method if set to 0:

  • Timeout fetching a feed using the LWP::UserAgent:

  • Name of user agent:
    • Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_USERAGENTNAME = TWikiHeadlinesPlugin/2011-07-08

  • Default header: (variables are explained in the syntax rules)
      * Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_HEADER = <div class="headlinesChannel"><div class="headlinesLogo"><img src="$imageurl" alt="$imagetitle" border="0" />%BR%</div><div class="headlinesTitle">$n---+!! <a href="$link">$title</a></div><div class="headlinesDate">$date</div><div class="headlinesDescription">$description</div><div class="headlinesRight">$rights</div></div>

  • Default format of one item: (variables are explained in the syntax rules)
      * Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_FORMAT = <div class="headlinesArticle"><div class="headlinesTitle"><a href="$link">$title</a></div>$n<span class="headlinesDate">$date</span> <span class="headlinesCreator"> $creator</span> <span class="headlinesSubject"> $subject </span>$n<div class="headlinesText"> $description</div></div>

  • Values taken from configure: (only supported if CPAN:LWP is installed)
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{HOST} - proxy host, such as "proxy.example.com";
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{PORT} - proxy port, such as "8080";
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{SkipProxyForDomains} - domains excluded from proxy, such as "intra.example.com, bugs.example.com";

Style Sheets

The default HEADER and FORMAT settings use the following styles. See the style.css file defining the default CSS properties (indentation illustrates enclosure).

  • headlinesRss: output of the HeadlinesPlugin (div)
    • headlinesChannel: channel header (div)
      • headlinesLogo: channel logo (div)
      • headlinesTitle: channel title (div)
      • headlinesDate: channel date (div)
      • headlinesDescription: channel description (div)
      • headlinesRight: channel copyright (div)
    • headlinesArticle: one news item (div)
      • headlinesTitle: article title (div)
      • headlinesDate: article date (span)
      • headlinesCreator: author of article (span)
      • headlinesSubject: subect category of the article (span)
      • headlinesText: article text (div)

Plugin Installation Instructions

This is a pre-installed plugin. TWiki administrators can upgrade the plugin as needed on the TWiki server.

Note: You do not need to install anything on the browser to use this plugin. The following instructions are for the administrator who installs the plugin on the TWiki server.

  • For an automated installation, run the configure script and follow "Find More Extensions" in the in the Extensions section.

  • Or, follow these manual installation steps:
    • Download the ZIP file from the Plugins home (see below).
    • Unzip HeadlinesPlugin.zip in your twiki installation directory. Content:
      File: Description:
      data/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin.txt Plugin topic
      pub/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin/style.css Default CSS
      lib/TWiki/Plugins/HeadlinesPlugin.pm Plugin Perl module
      lib/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin/Core.pm Plugin core
    • Set the ownership of the extracted directories and files to the webserver user.
    • Make sure the dependencies listed in the table below are resolved.
      Digest::MD5>=2.33Required. Download from CPAN:Digest::MD5
      LWP::UserAgent>=5.803Optional. Download from CPAN:LWP::UserAgent

  • Plugin configuration and testing:
    • Run the configure script, enable the plugin in the Plugins section
    • Configure the plugin: See plugin settings above.
    • Test if the installation was successful: See example above.

Plugin Info

  • One line description, shown in the TextFormattingRules topic:
    • Set SHORTDESCRIPTION = Show headline news in TWiki pages based on RSS and ATOM news feeds from external sites

Plugin Author: TWiki:Main.PeterThoeny, TWiki:Main.MichaelDaum
Copyright: © 2002-2013 Peter Thoeny, TWiki.org
© 2005-2007 Michael Daum wikiring.de
License: GPL (GNU General Public License)
Plugin Version: 2013-02-16
2013-02-16: TWikibug:Item7091: Use TWISTY in installation instructions section and change history
2013-01-29: TWikibug:Item7131: HeadlinesPlugin doesn't match pattern in multiple lines.
2012-12-10: TWikibug:Item7070: HeadlinesPlugin doesn't support multiple disks.
2012-11-13: TWikibug:Item7016: Restore changes for earlier versions with LWP
2012-11-13: TWikibug:Item7020: Categorize TWiki Variable
2012-10-31: TWikibug:Item7016: Utilize <guid> value when it is available
2012-09-05: TWikibug:Item6837: Doc fixes
2011-07-17: TWikibug:Item6764: Add VarHEADLINES variable documentation; doc improvements; setting NO_PREFS_IN_TOPIC
2011-07-08: TWikibug:Item6725: Change global package variables from "use vars" to "our"
2010-05-16: TWikibug:Item6433: More doc improvements
2010-04-25: TWikibug:Item6433: Doc fix: Changing TWIKIWEB to SYSTEMWEB
2010-02-27: TWikibug:Item6313: Fixed bug in ATOM feed with <link ...></link> instead of <link ... /> -- Peter Thoeny
2009-09-30: fixed bug in lastBuildDate of feeds affecting touch parameter functionality -- Peter Thoeny
2009-08-29: added touch parameter -- Peter Thoeny
12 Feb 2009: {PROXY}{HOST} supports domain with and without protocol -- Peter Thoeny
06 Feb 2009: added {PROXY}{SkipProxyForDomains} configure setting, added USERAGENTNAME plugin setting -- Peter Thoeny
11 Dec 2008: added {PROXY}{HOST} and {PROXY}{PORT} configure settings -- Peter Thoeny
13 Sep 2007: fixed parsing of content:encoded
23 Jul 2006: improved atom parser; if a posting has no title default to 'Untitled'
26 Apr 2006: added lazy compilation
10 Feb 2006: packaged using the TWiki:Plugins/BuildContrib; minor fixes
03 Feb 2006: off-by-one: limit="n" returned n+1 articles; make FORMAT and HEADER format strings more robust
23 Jan 2006: released v2.00
05 Dec 2005: internal feed urls must be absolute
02 Dec 2005: added web.topic shorthand for internal feeds
29 Nov 2005: fixed CDATA handling
21 Nov 2005: added ATOM support; extended RSS support; added dublin core support; added content support; optionally using LWP to fetch feeds to follow redirections; corrected CPAN dependencies ; recoding special chars from html integer to entity encoding to increase browser compatibility; added css support; use getWorkArea() if available
11 May 2005: TWiki:Main.WillNorris: added DevelopBranch compatability
31 Oct 2004: Fixed taint issue by TWiki:Main.AdrianWeiler; small performance improvement
29 Oct 2004: Fixed issue of external caching if mod_perl or SpeedyCGI is used
02 Aug 2002: Implemented caching of feeds, thanks to TWiki:Main/RobDuarte
11 Jun 2002: Initial version (V1.000)
Perl Version: 5.8
Plugin Benchmark: GoodStyle 100%, FormattedSearch 99.5%, HeadlinesPlugin 94%
Plugin Home: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/HeadlinesPlugin
Feedback: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/HeadlinesPluginDev
Appraisal: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/HeadlinesPluginAppraisal

Related Topics: VarHEADLINES, TWikiPlugins, AdminDocumentationCategory, TWikiPreferences

Topic revision: r8 - 2013-02-16 - 18:01:51 - TWikiContributor
Copyright © 1999-2020 by the contributing authors. All material on this collaboration platform is the property of the contributing authors.
Ideas, requests, problems regarding TWiki? Send feedback
Note: Please contribute updates to this topic on TWiki.org at TWiki:TWiki.HeadlinesPlugin.