Headlines Plugin

Show headline news in TWiki pages based on RSS and ATOM news feeds from external sites


This plugin displays RSS and ATOM feeds from news sites. Use it to build news portals that show headline news.


  • RSS (Rich Site Summary) is an XML standard used to publish frequently updated works such as blog entries, news headlines and audio.
  • Atom is an XML syndication format used for web feeds.
  • Syndic8.com at http://www.syndic8.com/ lists many RSS and ATOM feeds.

Syntax Rules


Parameter ExplanationSorted ascending Default
href="..." (Alternative to above) N/A
format="..." Format of one item. May include these variables:
- $title: news item title (item.title)
- $link: news item link (item.link)
- $description: news item description (item.description)
- $date: the publication date (item.pubDate, item.date)
- $category: the article category (item.category)
Global FORMAT setting
header="..." Header. May include these variables:
- $channeltitle, $title: title of channel (channel.title)
- $channellink, $link: link of channel (channel.link)
- $channeldescription, $description: description (channel.description)
- $channeldate, $date: publication date of the channel (channel.pubDate)
- $rights: copyrights of the channel (channel.copyright)
- $imagetitle: title text for site (image.title)
- $imagelink: link for site (image.link)
- $imageurl: URL of image (image.url)
- $imagedescription: description of image (image.description)
Global HEADER setting
limit="12" Maximum number of items shown Global LIMIT setting
refresh="60" Refresh rate in minutes for caching feed; "0" for no caching Global REFRESH setting
"..." Source of RSS or ATOM feed; this can be an url (starting with http) or a web.topic location for internal feeds None; is required
touch="..." Touch (edit/save) topics if the feed has updates. Specify a comma-space delimited list of TopicNames or Web.TopicNames, such as "%TOPIC%, NewsLetter". Useful to send out newsletter using MailerContrib, showing new feeds since last newsletter. To update feeds, visit topics with feeds in regular intervals (using cron with wget or the like). N/A

The header and format parameters might also use variables rendering the dc, image and content namespace information. Note, that only bits of interest have been implemented so far and those namespaces might not be implemented fully yet.

Rendering the dc namespace

The following variables are extracting the dc namespace info, that could be used in header and format. Note that some of the variables are already used above. This is done by purpose to use different feeds with the same formatting parameters. If there's a conflict the non-dc tags have higher precedence, i.e. a <title> content </title> is preferred over <dc:title> content </dc:title>.

  • $title: channel/article title (dc:title)
  • $creator: channel creator (dc:creator)
  • $subject: subject text; this will also add an image according to the subject hash list, see above (dc:subject)
  • $description: ... (dc:description)
  • $publisher: the channel/article publisher (dc:publisher)
  • $contributor: ... (dc:contributor)
  • $date: ... (dc:date)
  • $type: ... (dc:type)
  • $format: ... (dc:format)
  • $identifier: ... (dc:identifier)
  • $source: ... (dc:source)
  • $language: ... (dc:language)
  • $relation: ... (dc:relation)
  • $coverage: ... (dc: coverage)
  • $rights: ... (dc: rights)

Rendering the image namespace

An image:item is converted into an <img> tag using the following mappings:

  • src: image url (rdf:about attribute of the image.item tag)
  • alt: image title (title)
  • width: image width (image:width)
  • height: image height image:height)

Rendering the content namespace

The variable $content is referring to the <content:encoding> content </content:encoding>.


Slashdot News


%HEADLINES{ "http://slashdot.org/slashdot.rdf" 
  header="*[[$link][$title]]:* $description" 
  format="$t* [[$link][$title]]"
to get the latest Slashdot news as a bullet list format:

Business Opportunities Weblog


%HEADLINES{ "http://www.business-opportunities.biz/feed" limit="2" }%

to get the latest postings on the "Business Opportunities" weblog:

Fri, 28 Feb 2020 19:20:06 +0000
The original blog about business opportunities and business ideas for small business entrepreneurs
Fri, 28 Feb 2020 19:20:04 +0000 Carrol Strain
Photo by S O C I A L . C U T on Unsplash

There's a lot of pressure involved in being a manager.

Everyone comes to you for answers and you get the final say in important business decisions. And people expect you to always know the ins and outs of your business operation.

However, you are only human. Therefore, it's only natural that you occasionally let things slide and struggle to stay organized.

But that doesn't mean you can be idle. There is always room for improvement, and if you follow these tips, you're sure to become not just an okay manager, but a great one!


A Great Manager Streamlines Operations

One way you can ensure you stay on top of your operations is to invest in new management software. Often in business, things can get lost in translation or go undetected, which makes way for human error.

However, with the right project management tools in place, you can effectively streamline your business and improve communication, project planning, and collaborations.

Don't make your job as manager harder than it needs to be. By having the right software, you can save valuable time that you can spend on more urgent areas of the business.

A Good Manager Sets Achievable Goals

In order to be a better manager, you need to know what it is your company is striving for. Then, set yourself and your employees clear objectives that are both aligned with the company’s goals and achievable.

This will give all of you a better indication of where you want to be in, say, five months' time. Once your employees understand what it is that you want from them, they will increase their productivity.

As the leader, you need to know what you want if you're going to give your team direction. Then, be sure to track your progress so you can see if these targets are being met.

Reward Your Employees

A vital element of your business's success-and your success as a manager-is your employees' overall happiness. Obviously, employees can't always be happy in the workplace. But they need to know that their manager appreciates them. Otherwise, they won't feel motivated.

To keep them inspired and wanting to work for you, incentivize your employees with rewards. For instance, if an employee hits their targets, reward them with a bonus, or take the whole team out for drinks to celebrate.

If you want to give them something with a more personable touch, you can always write a handwritten thank you note. If it comes straight from the boss, they will appreciate it even more.

Encourage Feedback

As a manager, you obviously have authority over your team. However, that doesn't mean you can't ask them for feedback from time to time.

Requesting feedback shows you care about their opinions and will welcome change.

To get honest feedback, though, it is sometimes best to ask for anonymous feedback. Then your employees don't feel judged by what they write.

Make sure your employees know they can share any issues with you and you will accept any comments as constructive.

Continue Improving to Become a Great Manager

Keep the above tips in mind when you start planning how to better your leadership skills and be the best manager you can be.

The post How to Be a Great Manager appeared first on Business Opportunities.

Fri, 28 Feb 2020 16:23:18 +0000 Mel Martinez
Photo by Charles Deluvio on Unsplash

The eCommerce industry is booming and predicted to grow over the coming years. Understandably, this makes it a popular industry to enter for entrepreneurs. There is potential for great success here. Many believe that this is a type of business that can be easy to set up and run. While setting it up is relatively easy, the industry is not easy to succeed in. The competition is incredible and with millions of sites, it is hard to get noticed. With this in mind, here are a few handy tips for starting an eCommerce business.

Sell Products in Demand and with a Theme

When starting an eCommerce business, you need to make sure that you are selling products that are in demand. Though your idea may be great, demand means sales. Additionally, you need to have a theme for your store so that you can identify a target customer. You should keep this target customer in mind with every decision that you make. A few types of stores worth considering include:

  • Health and fitness
  • Beauty
  • Fashion
  • Electronics
  • Motherhood

Make Sure You Design a High-Quality Store

Your eCommerce business will need to be of the highest quality in order to convert visitors. This means that it should be easy-to-use, responsive, attractive, and helpful, with clear product details and smooth checkout experience. Additionally, your site should be mobile-friendly. After all, many people now shop online on their mobile devices.

ecommerce business site design 300w, tablet-on-table-5598-768x432.jpg 768w, tablet-on-table-5598-696x392.jpg 696w, tablet-on-table-5598-1068x601.jpg 1068w, tablet-on-table-5598-747x420.jpg 747w, tablet-on-table-5598.jpg 1200w" sizes="(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px" />

Increase Visibility with Digital Marketing

As mentioned, an eCommerce business is fiercely competitive, so it can be hard to stand out from the crowd and get noticed. Using digital marketing assistance from an experienced agency is vital. Their expertise can level the playing field and help to direct traffic to your store from the search engines. Search engines are the first stop for customers searching for products and services.

Streamline Your eCommerce Business with Warehouse Systems

Running a successful eCommerce business is challenging. Therefore, you will need to have a highly efficient system in place for handling warehouse operations. You can achieve this through the use of the best warehouse management systems. Such systems simplify the daily tasks in the warehouse to increase efficiency, reduce stress, and speed up the day-to-day processes.

Successful eCommerce Businesses Use Social Media Productively

Everyone knows the importance of having a presence on social media for their business. However, very few use this effectively. For eCommerce businesses, social media is an excellent platform for promoting your products, engaging with your target customers, and showing your expertise. Productive use includes:


  • Creating and sharing engaging content for your target customers
  • Directing people to your store
  • Responding to messages and comments promptly and professionally
  • Using humor while avoiding offensive or divisive language
  • Growing your network by encouraging likes and follows

Of course, it is easy to see why so many entrepreneurial-minded people are entering the eCommerce industry. However, it is essential to be aware that success is not guaranteed. Competition can make success difficult to realize, but it’s not impossible. These tips should help you lay the foundation for success in your eCommerce business and attract customers early on.

The post Top Tips for Starting an eCommerce Business appeared first on Business Opportunities.

Plugin Settings

Plugin settings are stored as preferences settings. Do not change the settings here, they are here only for illustration purposes showing the default values. Define the settings in Main.TWikiPreferences. For example, to customize the HEADLINESPLUGIN_USERAGENTNAME setting, add a * Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_USERAGENTNAME = ... bullet in Main.TWikiPreferences.

  • Refresh rate in minutes for cached feeds. Set to 0 to disable caching:

  • Maximum number of items shown:

  • Use LWP::UserAgent if set to 1, or fallback to TWiki's internal getUrl() method if set to 0:

  • Timeout fetching a feed using the LWP::UserAgent:

  • Name of user agent:
    • Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_USERAGENTNAME = TWikiHeadlinesPlugin/2011-07-08

  • Default header: (variables are explained in the syntax rules)
      * Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_HEADER = <div class="headlinesChannel"><div class="headlinesLogo"><img src="$imageurl" alt="$imagetitle" border="0" />%BR%</div><div class="headlinesTitle">$n---+!! <a href="$link">$title</a></div><div class="headlinesDate">$date</div><div class="headlinesDescription">$description</div><div class="headlinesRight">$rights</div></div>

  • Default format of one item: (variables are explained in the syntax rules)
      * Set HEADLINESPLUGIN_FORMAT = <div class="headlinesArticle"><div class="headlinesTitle"><a href="$link">$title</a></div>$n<span class="headlinesDate">$date</span> <span class="headlinesCreator"> $creator</span> <span class="headlinesSubject"> $subject </span>$n<div class="headlinesText"> $description</div></div>

  • Values taken from configure: (only supported if CPAN:LWP is installed)
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{HOST} - proxy host, such as "proxy.example.com";
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{PORT} - proxy port, such as "8080";
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{SkipProxyForDomains} - domains excluded from proxy, such as "intra.example.com, bugs.example.com";

Style Sheets

The default HEADER and FORMAT settings use the following styles. See the style.css file defining the default CSS properties (indentation illustrates enclosure).

  • headlinesRss: output of the HeadlinesPlugin (div)
    • headlinesChannel: channel header (div)
      • headlinesLogo: channel logo (div)
      • headlinesTitle: channel title (div)
      • headlinesDate: channel date (div)
      • headlinesDescription: channel description (div)
      • headlinesRight: channel copyright (div)
    • headlinesArticle: one news item (div)
      • headlinesTitle: article title (div)
      • headlinesDate: article date (span)
      • headlinesCreator: author of article (span)
      • headlinesSubject: subect category of the article (span)
      • headlinesText: article text (div)

Plugin Installation Instructions

This is a pre-installed plugin. TWiki administrators can upgrade the plugin as needed on the TWiki server.

Note: You do not need to install anything on the browser to use this plugin. The following instructions are for the administrator who installs the plugin on the TWiki server.

  • For an automated installation, run the configure script and follow "Find More Extensions" in the in the Extensions section.

  • Or, follow these manual installation steps:
    • Download the ZIP file from the Plugins home (see below).
    • Unzip HeadlinesPlugin.zip in your twiki installation directory. Content:
      File: Description:
      data/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin.txt Plugin topic
      pub/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin/style.css Default CSS
      lib/TWiki/Plugins/HeadlinesPlugin.pm Plugin Perl module
      lib/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin/Core.pm Plugin core
    • Set the ownership of the extracted directories and files to the webserver user.
    • Make sure the dependencies listed in the table below are resolved.
      Digest::MD5>=2.33Required. Download from CPAN:Digest::MD5
      LWP::UserAgent>=5.803Optional. Download from CPAN:LWP::UserAgent

  • Plugin configuration and testing:
    • Run the configure script, enable the plugin in the Plugins section
    • Configure the plugin: See plugin settings above.
    • Test if the installation was successful: See example above.

Plugin Info

  • One line description, shown in the TextFormattingRules topic:
    • Set SHORTDESCRIPTION = Show headline news in TWiki pages based on RSS and ATOM news feeds from external sites

Plugin Author: TWiki:Main.PeterThoeny, TWiki:Main.MichaelDaum
Copyright: © 2002-2013 Peter Thoeny, TWiki.org
© 2005-2007 Michael Daum wikiring.de
License: GPL (GNU General Public License)
Plugin Version: 2013-02-16
2013-02-16: TWikibug:Item7091: Use TWISTY in installation instructions section and change history
2013-01-29: TWikibug:Item7131: HeadlinesPlugin doesn't match pattern in multiple lines.
2012-12-10: TWikibug:Item7070: HeadlinesPlugin doesn't support multiple disks.
2012-11-13: TWikibug:Item7016: Restore changes for earlier versions with LWP
2012-11-13: TWikibug:Item7020: Categorize TWiki Variable
2012-10-31: TWikibug:Item7016: Utilize <guid> value when it is available
2012-09-05: TWikibug:Item6837: Doc fixes
2011-07-17: TWikibug:Item6764: Add VarHEADLINES variable documentation; doc improvements; setting NO_PREFS_IN_TOPIC
2011-07-08: TWikibug:Item6725: Change global package variables from "use vars" to "our"
2010-05-16: TWikibug:Item6433: More doc improvements
2010-04-25: TWikibug:Item6433: Doc fix: Changing TWIKIWEB to SYSTEMWEB
2010-02-27: TWikibug:Item6313: Fixed bug in ATOM feed with <link ...></link> instead of <link ... /> -- Peter Thoeny
2009-09-30: fixed bug in lastBuildDate of feeds affecting touch parameter functionality -- Peter Thoeny
2009-08-29: added touch parameter -- Peter Thoeny
12 Feb 2009: {PROXY}{HOST} supports domain with and without protocol -- Peter Thoeny
06 Feb 2009: added {PROXY}{SkipProxyForDomains} configure setting, added USERAGENTNAME plugin setting -- Peter Thoeny
11 Dec 2008: added {PROXY}{HOST} and {PROXY}{PORT} configure settings -- Peter Thoeny
13 Sep 2007: fixed parsing of content:encoded
23 Jul 2006: improved atom parser; if a posting has no title default to 'Untitled'
26 Apr 2006: added lazy compilation
10 Feb 2006: packaged using the TWiki:Plugins/BuildContrib; minor fixes
03 Feb 2006: off-by-one: limit="n" returned n+1 articles; make FORMAT and HEADER format strings more robust
23 Jan 2006: released v2.00
05 Dec 2005: internal feed urls must be absolute
02 Dec 2005: added web.topic shorthand for internal feeds
29 Nov 2005: fixed CDATA handling
21 Nov 2005: added ATOM support; extended RSS support; added dublin core support; added content support; optionally using LWP to fetch feeds to follow redirections; corrected CPAN dependencies ; recoding special chars from html integer to entity encoding to increase browser compatibility; added css support; use getWorkArea() if available
11 May 2005: TWiki:Main.WillNorris: added DevelopBranch compatability
31 Oct 2004: Fixed taint issue by TWiki:Main.AdrianWeiler; small performance improvement
29 Oct 2004: Fixed issue of external caching if mod_perl or SpeedyCGI is used
02 Aug 2002: Implemented caching of feeds, thanks to TWiki:Main/RobDuarte
11 Jun 2002: Initial version (V1.000)
Perl Version: 5.8
Plugin Benchmark: GoodStyle 100%, FormattedSearch 99.5%, HeadlinesPlugin 94%
Plugin Home: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/HeadlinesPlugin
Feedback: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/HeadlinesPluginDev
Appraisal: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/HeadlinesPluginAppraisal

Related Topics: VarHEADLINES, TWikiPlugins, AdminDocumentationCategory, TWikiPreferences

This topic: TWiki > HeadlinesPlugin
Topic revision: r8 - 2013-02-16 - TWikiContributor
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